A lot is heard in Bharat and other western countries where Muslims seemingly possessed with a moderate and liberal outlook of Islam vaunt about their loyalty to the motherland or native land. These people with the patronage of so called secular intelligentsia have been successful to a large extent to eyewash the truth. But the truth is that Islam has always advocated the ideology of universal brotherhood or Ummah in Arabic. A liberal and secular minded acquaintance of mine once even was tempted to draw a parallel between the Vedic concepts of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam or the Whole Universe is one Family and the Islamic Ummah theory of universal brotherhood. But are the two similar in any dimension? No way! I set the records straight after a brief discussion with him.
This is briefly what I told the ill-informed person While the Vedic concept talks about the oneness of consciousness through which we are related to each other and to the entire Universe, the muslim Ummah talks about the relation of one man to another only through their similar belief system. In order to qualify to be included in this universal brotherhood it is obligatory to be a Muslim or surrender to the religion of Islam. Islamically otherwise, one is excluded from this assembly of humans. What a blanket ban on the rest of humanity!!
Look around history. It is the spiritual magnanimity of the philosophy of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam which influenced people of the land of Bharat to provide safe haven to the Jews, the Zoroastrians and the Tibetan Buddhists who fled from religious or political persecution in their lands. On the other hand Islamic forces led by their bigoted ideology to dominate attacked, killed and subjugated people throughout to forcefully or deceitfully bring them inside their Ummah. Once inside the Ummah, you are taken to be a brother or else you are someone who has to be either converted or killed or forced to live a life of perpetual humiliation.
Subsequently I was motivated to write about this Ummah concept in the context of loyalty towards ones nation of birth or nationalism. This subject is interesting as well as important enough to deserve a series of writings. Hence I will present this topic in at least three parts separately for the benefit of the readers. This is the first part of the trilogies.
Does Islam allow its followers to be nationalists or loyal to ones nation of birth?
Does Islam allow its followers to adhere to the laws and customs of their countries?
Does Islam allow its followers to respectfully live as per the civilization, culture and moral values of ones nation while protecting and preserving its ancient heritage and ethos?
Does Islam allow its followers to fight and die for the best interests of their respective countries?
Is the concept of a motherland acceptable to the Islamic doctrines and rules?
I confirm, once we complete our research on this topic there will exist no doubt at all in the minds of the readers about the truth. Let us begin our intellectual journey with imperative statements expressed by some of the most reputed scholars of the Islamic world in their commentaries on the subject in question.
In an article titled The Evils of Nationalism the famous Saudi scholar Abdul'Azeez Bin Baaz explains Islams position in the following words:
"Islaam has forbidden the calls of jaahiliyyah (the prelslaamic days of ignorance) and there are many textual evidences which forbid all of the characteristics and manners of jaahiliyyah and their actions, except those (good and decent) practices which Islaam agreed to. And there is no doubt that the call to nationalism is from these calls of jaahiliyyah, since nationalism is a call to other than Islaam and an aiding of other than the truth. And how many ills, evils and serious wars have such calls of jaahiliyyah caused to their people, causing great harm to their souls, their wealth and their possessions. The consequences of such calls (for the Muslims) were a splitting up of their unity and a planting of enmity and hatred of each other in their hearts and a fragmentation and splitting between tribes and nations."
Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) rahimahullaah said: [Majmoo ul-Fataawaa (3/456).] "Everything which is outside the call of Islaam and the Qur'aan, with regards to lineage, land, nationality, schools of thoughts and ways, then it is from the calls of jaahiliyyah. Indeed, even when the Muhaajirs (those Companions who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah) and the Ansaars (those Companions who aided and supported those who migrated) argued, such that one of the Muhaajirs said:" O Muhaajirs! (Implying; rally to my aid) And one of the Ansaar said: "O Ansaar!" Upon hearing this, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Is it with the calls of Jaahiliyyah that you call, and l am still amongst you!" And he became very angry at that." [ Related by al-Bukhaaree (8/137).]
Note the following passages which are kind of a final reminder as to what Islams take on nationalism is and what awaits the nationalists.
And this is what has been established in the authentic hadeeth (narration), from alHaarith alAsh'aree radiallaahu 'anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "I order you with five things which Allaah ordered me with: The Jamaa'ah, hearing, obeying, hijrah (migration) and jihaad in the way of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. So whosoever separates from the Jamaaah by a handspan, throws the yoke of Islaam from his neck, unless he repents. And whosoever calls with the call of jaahiliyyah (the days of ignorance), then he is from the hoarded heap of Hell Fire" It was said: Even if he fasts and prays? He said: "Even if he fasts and prays. So call with the call of Allaah which Allaah gave: The Muslims, the Believers, Worshippers of Allaah.' [Saheeh: Related by at-Tirmidhee (nos.2863) and at-Tilyaalasee (no.1161) and others. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in his checking to Ibn Abee 'Aasim's as-Sunnah (no.1036).]
This hadeeth is absolutely clear with regards to rendering futile the calls to nationalism. Its callers deserve that they should be from the heap of Hell Fire, even if they fast and they pray and claim that they are Muslims. So what a severe threat and severe warning is given here; warning every muslim from the calls of jaahiliyyah and warning them from entering into this even if such calls are adorned with false talks and enchanting speeches . Rather it is a deception and a blind following which leads its people to the worst and most despicable of ends. And we ask Allaah for safety and freedom from that."
Another Islamic scholar from Egypt, Syed Qutb makes this point more candidly and clearly by writing thus;
"There is only one place on earth which can be called the home of Islam (Dar-ul-Islam), and it is that place where the Islamic state is established and the Shariah is the authority and God's limits are observed, and where all the Muslims administer the affairs of the state with mutual consultation. The rest of the world is the home of hostility (Dar-ul-Harb). A Muslim can have only two possible relations with Dar-ul-Harb: peace with a contractual agreement, or war. A country with which there is a treaty will not be considered the home of Islam.
Islam came with this total guidance and decisive teaching. It came to elevate man above, and release him from, the bonds of the earth and soil. A Muslim has no country except that part of the earth where the Shari`ah of God is established and human relationships are based on the foundation of relationship with God; a Muslim has no nationality except his belief, which makes him a member of the Muslim community in Dar-ul-Islam; a Muslim has no relatives except those who share the belief in God, and thus a bond is established between him and other Believers through their relationship with God."
Both the abovementioned scholars have quoted tons of Islamic scriptural evidences to back their arguments. It is beyond the scope of this paper to mention all those. But undoubtedly one unflinching fact has been ascertained that there is indeed no place for a nations loyalist or nationalist within the fold of the Islamic doctrine. The idea of the soil or piece of land to be respected and revered as Motherland is scorned and mercilessly and forcefully discarded as outright non-Islamic. A true Muslim can never be expected to be loyal to his country vis--vis his Ummah. Ummah always comes first than the motherland. I challenge any one to refute these charges with undisputable proofs!
Have you ever wondered why the singing of Bharats national song Vandemataram has always been considered as disdainful and banned by the Muslims with the indomitable support of their secular friends?
For now, suffice it to say that Islam regards any idea beyond its ambit to be grossly erroneous, contemptuous and blasphemous enough to be nipped in the bud instantly. No room exists for anything else. Hence nationalism is one such idea that bears the brunt of their countless assaults. We will investigate more in the next part to learn about the reason for such an abominable diktat.
One must distinctly remember that since Islam perpetually calls for all the people of the world to exist solely and exclusively under its own banner and to live and die only for it while totally reject and disregard any other thing or person or idea under the firmament, there leaves not even an iota of doubt that it is unmistakably a political ideology wearing the garb of a seemingly religion while obsessed with the dangerously undaunted mission to conquer, control, dominate and rule over the entire world and all its inhabitants.
Yours in Dharma